Get started

Bring yourself up to speed with our introductory content.

LANs Local Area Networks

  • coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM)

    Coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) is a method of combining multiple signals on laser beams at various wavelengths for transmission along fiber optic cables, such that the number of channels is fewer than in dense wavelength division ... Continue Reading

  • long-haul optics

    Long-haul optics refers to the transmission of visible light signals over optical fiber cable for great distances, especially without or with minimal use of repeaters. Continue Reading

  • triangulation

    Triangulation is a process by which the location of a radio transmitter can be determined by measuring either the radial distance, or the direction, of the received signal from two or three different points. Continue Reading

  • integrated T1 (channelized T1)

    Integrated T1 (also called channelized T is a digital carrier modulation method in which a T1 line is divided into 24 channels, each having a maximum data speed of 64 thousand bits per second (Kbps), and each capable of supporting a unique ... Continue Reading

  • CDSL (Consumer Digital Subscriber Line)

    Also see our Fast guide to DSL. CDSL (Consumer Digital Subscriber Line) is a version of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) service, trademarked by Rockwell Corp. Continue Reading

  • A-Law

    A-Law is the standard codec (compression/decompression) algorithm for pulse code modulation (PCM) from the ITU-T (the Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union).Continue Reading

  • ping sweep (ICMP sweep)

    A ping sweep (also known as an ICMP sweep) is a basic network scanning technique used to determine which of a range of IP addresses map to live hosts (computers).Continue Reading

  • gigapop (gigabit point-of-presence)

    Gigapop is short for gigabit point-of-presence, an access point to Internet2, the network collaboration between universities and partners in industry and government to develop advanced Internet technologies and applications such as telemedicine and ...Continue Reading

  • whiteboard

    A whiteboard is a non-electronic variation of the traditional "rewriteable" schoolroom blackboard, but is white instead of black and of a material that can be written on with colored markers (known as dry erase markers).Continue Reading

  • NSFNET

    NSFNET was a network for research computing deployed in the mid-1980s that in time also became the first backbone infrastructure for the commercial public Internet.Continue Reading

  • mu-Law

    Mu-Law is the standard codec (compression/decompression) algorithm for pulse code modulation (PCM) from the CCITT (Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraph).Continue Reading

  • E-ZPass

    E-ZPass is a toll collection system in the northeastern U.S. that uses RFID technology to allow a driver to pass through a tollbooth and pay the toll without stopping the vehicle.Continue Reading

  • information theory

    Information theory is a branch of mathematics that overlaps into communications engineering, biology, medical science, sociology, and psychology.Continue Reading

  • HELLO packet

    In the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) communications protocol - which enables network routers to share information with each other, a HELLO packet is a special packet (message) that is sent out periodically from a router to establish and confirm ...Continue Reading

  • hoot-n-holler

    In telecommunications, a hoot-n-holler is a dedicated "always on" connection used for two-way business-to-business voice communication.Continue Reading

  • Freephone

    In the U.K., Freephone is a type of Number Translation Service (NTS) that allows a phone user to call a non-geographic number beginning with 0800 or 0500 without incurring a charge.Continue Reading

  • multi-tapping

    Multi-tapping is an older procedure used to enter text using a telephone keypad.Continue Reading

  • Home Location Register (HLR)

    The Home Location Register (HLR) is the main database of permanent subscriber information for a mobile network.Continue Reading

  • line doubler

    A line doubler is an electronic device that converts analog or digital television (TV) video signals into a format suitable for display on a computer monitor.Continue Reading

  • circular mil

    The circular mil is a unit of area used especially when denoting the cross-sectional size of a wire or cable.Continue Reading

  • Shannon's Law

    Shannon's Law, formulated by Claude Shannon, a mathematician who helped build the foundations for the modern computer, is a statement in information theory that expresses the maximum possible data speed that can be obtained in a data channel.Continue Reading

  • DTTV (digital terrestrial television)

    DTTV (digital terrestrial television, sometimes also abbreviated DTT) is digital television (DTV) broadcast entirely over earthbound circuits.Continue Reading

  • Bel

    In electronics and communications, the Bel expresses the logarithmic ratio between two levels of signal power, voltage, or current.Continue Reading

  • Direct Access File System (DAFS)

    Direct Access File System (DAFS) is a network file system, similar to Network File System (NFS) and Common Internet File System (CIFS), that allows applications to transfer data while bypassing operating system control, buffering, and network ...Continue Reading

  • autofax

    Autofax is the automatic (computer-initiated) sending of a facsimile (fax) message over a network in one of two ways: ( to a receiving computer or fax machine that is always ready to receive and store or immediately print such transmissions or (2), ...Continue Reading

  • G.703

    G.703 is a CCITT standard for transmitting voice over digital carriers such as T1 and E1. G.703 provides the specifications for pulse code modulation (PCM) at data rates from 64 Kbps to 2.048 Mbps.Continue Reading

  • GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)

    GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) is a satellite system that is used to pinpoint the geographic location of a user's receiver anywhere in the world.Continue Reading

  • IPLC (international private leased circuit)

    An IPLC (international private leased circuit) is a point-to-point private line used by an organization to communicate between offices that are geographically dispersed throughout the world.Continue Reading

  • EtherLoop

    EtherLoop, sometimes called next generation DSL or second generation DSL, combines features of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) with features of Ethernet to provide both voice and data transmission (including Internet connection) over any ordinary ...Continue Reading

  • wrap plug

    A wrap plug, also known as a loopback plug, is a special plug that can be inserted into a port on a communications device to perform a diagnostic test called a loopback test.Continue Reading

  • Simputer (simple inexpensive mobile computer)

    The Simputer (short for simple inexpensive mobile computer) is an inexpensive, Web-enabled handheld computer designed for use by people in developing countries.Continue Reading

  • electronic program guide (EPG)

    An electronic program guide (EPG) is an application used with digital set-top boxes and newer television sets to list current and scheduled programs that are or will be available on each channel and a short summary or commentary for each program.Continue Reading

  • tree network

    In telecommunication networks, a tree network is a combination of two or more star networks connected together.Continue Reading

  • satellite news gathering (SNG)

    Satellite news gathering (SNG) is the use of mobile communications equipment for the purpose of worldwide newscasting.Continue Reading

  • care-of address

    In Internet routing, a care-of address is a temporary IP address for a mobile node (mobile device) that enables message delivery when the device is connecting from somewhere other than its home network.Continue Reading

  • home address

    In the Mobile Internet Protocol (Mobile IP), a home address is the relatively permanent IP address given to a mobile node.Continue Reading

  • NIC handle (Network Information Center handle)

    A NIC (Network Information Center) handle is an alphanumeric character sequence that is unique for each entry in the database of all Internet domain name registrants.Continue Reading

  • Parlay

    Parlay (pronounced PAHR-LAY as in the French verb "parler" - to speak) is an evolving set of specifications for industry-standard application programming interfaces (APIs) for managing network "edge" services such as call control, messaging, and ...Continue Reading

  • Number Translation Service (NTS)

    In the U.K., Number Translation Service (NTS) is the service of routing a telephone call with a non-geographic number beginning with 07, 08, or 09 to a hidden geographic or mobile number.Continue Reading

  • Transport Services Access Point (TSAP)

    A Transport Services Access Point (TSAP) is an end-point for communication between the Transport layer (layer 4) and the Session layer in the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) reference model.Continue Reading

  • file server

    In the client/server model, a file server is a computer responsible for the central storage and management of data files so that other computers on the same network can access the files.Continue Reading

  • LAN party

    A LAN party is a gathering in which gamers (devotees of computer games) gather to share a local area network (LAN) and participate in extended gaming sessions of popular games such as Quake, Doom, or Wolfenstein.Continue Reading

  • catchment area

    In the context of communication networks, a catchment area describes the geographical boundries of a network's components, including its connecting lines.Continue Reading

  • bus network

    A bus network is an arrangement in a local area network (LAN) in which each node (workstation or other device) is connected to a main cable or link called the bus.Continue Reading

  • Kazaa Media Desktop (KMD)

    Kazaa (its full name is Kazaa Media Desktop or KMD) is a decentralized Internet peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing program owned by Sharman Networks.Continue Reading

  • DoPa (DoCoMo Packet Transmission)

    DoPa (DoCoMo Packet Transmission) is a packet-switched network service developed by NTT DoCoMo in Japan for Internet connection from mobile devices.Continue Reading

  • Direct Outward Dialing (DOD)

    Direct Outward Dialing (DOD) is a service of a local phone company (or local exchange carrier) that allows subscribers within a company's private branch exchange (PBX) system to connect to outside lines directly.Continue Reading

  • MILNET

    MILNET was the name given to the part of ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, that was designated for nonclassified U.S. military use.Continue Reading

  • Manchester encoding

    In data transmission, Manchester encoding is a form of digital encoding in which data bits are represented by transitions from one logical state to the other.Continue Reading

  • Telecommunications Display Device (TDD)

    A Telecommunications Display Device (TDD), also known as a text telephone, is a telephone equipped with a keyboard and a display for people who are hearing- or speech-impaired.Continue Reading

  • Toslink

    Toslink is a connector format for fiber optic digital audio cables.Continue Reading

  • file transfer

    File transfer is the movement of one or more files from one location to another.Continue Reading

  • Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP)

    Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) is an intermediate-level certification in the Cisco certified professional program.Continue Reading

  • non-geographic number

    A non-geographic number, also called a virtual number, is a telephone number associated with a country, but not to any single geographic location within that country.Continue Reading

  • QAM (quadrature amplitude modulation)

    QAM (quadrature amplitude modulation) is a method of combining two amplitude-modulated (AM) signals into a single channel, thereby doubling the effective bandwidth.Continue Reading

  • Network Service Access Point (NSAP)

    The Network Service Access Point (NSAP) is one of two types of hierarchical addresses (the other type is the network entity title) used to implement Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) network layer addressing.Continue Reading

  • Source-route transparent (SRT) bridging

    Source-route transparent (SRT) bridging is a bridging scheme developed by IBM that combines source-route bridging (SRB) and transparent bridging in the same network.Continue Reading

  • reverse Telnet (direct Telnet)

    Reverse Telnet (sometimes called direct Telnet) is the initiation of a Telnet session from a computer system to one of its remote users.Continue Reading

  • passive FTP

    Passive FTP (sometimes referred to as PASV FTP because it involves the FTP PASV command) is a more secure form of data transfer in which the flow of data is set up and initiated by the File Transfer Program (FTP) client rather than by the FTP server...Continue Reading

  • anti-replay protocol

    The anti-replay protocol is part of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) standard.Continue Reading

  • MAC address (Media Access Control address)

    In a local area network (LAN) or other network, the MAC (Media Access Control) address is your computer's unique hardware number.Continue Reading

  • megahertz (MHz)

    The megahertz, abbreviated MHz, is a unit of alternating current (AC) or electromagnetic (EM) wave frequency equal to one million hertz (1,000,000 Hz).Continue Reading

  • shielded twisted pair

    This definition closely duplicates the definition for twisted pair.Continue Reading

  • data link control (DLC)

    DLC also is an abbreviation for digital loop carrier.Continue Reading

  • HDSL (High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line)

    Also see our Fast guide to DSL. HDSL (High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line), one of the earliest forms of DSL, is used for wideband digital transmission within a corporate site and between the telephone company and a customer.Continue Reading

  • connection

    In telecommunication and computing in general, a connection is the successful completion of necessary arrangements so that two or more parties (for example, people or programs) can communicate at a long distance.Continue Reading

  • Personal Access Communications System (PACS)

    Personal Access Communications System (PACS) is a type of wireless telephone network compatible with telephone sets, answering machines, fax machines, and computers.Continue Reading

  • crossover cable

    A crossover cable is a cable that is used to interconnect two computers by "crossing over" (reversing) their respective pin contacts.Continue Reading

  • Evernet

    The term Evernet has been used to describe the convergence of wireless, broadband, and Internet telephony technologies that will result in the ability to be continuously connected to the Web anywhere using virtually any information device.Continue Reading

  • satellite Internet connection

    A satellite Internet connection is an arrangement in which the upstream (outgoing) and the downstream (incoming) data are sent from, and arrive at, a computer through a satellite.Continue Reading

  • cable modem termination system (CMTS)

    A cable modem termination system (CMTS) is a component that exchanges digital signals with cable modems on a cable network.Continue Reading

  • fast retransmit and recovery (FRR)

    In TCP/IP, fast retransmit and recovery (FRR) is a congestion control algorithm that makes it possible to quickly recover lost data packets.Continue Reading

  • transactional e-mail

    Transactional e-mail is a type of Web-based marketing in which e-mail recipients can buy goods and services directly from an e-mail message, without being redirected to the retailer's Web site.Continue Reading

  • phantom dialing

    In mobile wireless communication, phantom dialing is a term used to describe what occurs when a user unintentionally presses a pre-programmed auto-dial number on their cellular telephone keypad and unintentionally initiates a phone call.Continue Reading

  • satellite return Internet connection

    A satellite return Internet connection is an arrangement in which incoming data arrives at your computer from a satellite downlink and outgoing data (such as your request for the next Web page) is sent over a regular telephone line.Continue Reading

  • terbo

    The suffix terbo appears in the V.32terbo modem protocol and indicates the third version of the V.32 protocol.Continue Reading

  • media access management

    In the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) communication reference model, media access management is performed by the Media Access Control (MAC) sublayer of the Data-Link Layer.Continue Reading

  • registered port numbers

    The registered port numbers are the port numbers that companies and other users register with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) for use by the applications that communicate using the Internet's Transmission Control ...Continue Reading

  • cable head-end

    A cable head-end (or headend) is the facility at a local cable TV office that originates and communicates cable TV services and cable modem services to subscribers.Continue Reading

  • spatial division multiple access (SDMA)

    Also see frequency division multiple access (FDMA) and time division multiple access (TDMA).Continue Reading

  • 10BASE-F

    10BASE-F, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.3, is the use of optical fiber in an Ethernet local area network (LAN).Continue Reading

  • visitor-based networking (VBN)

    Visitor-based networking (VBN) is the provision of high-speed Internet access for mobile PC users in need of temporary service in public places.Continue Reading

  • network interface unit (NIU or Network Interface Device)

    A network interface unit (NIU) (sometimes called a network interface device) is a device that serves as a common interfacefor various other devices within a local area network (LAN), or as an interface to allow networked computers to connect to an ...Continue Reading

  • telephone jacks

    In the U. S., telephone jacks are also known as registered jacks, sometimes described as RJ-XX, and are a series of telephone connection interfaces (receptacle and plug) that are registered with the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).Continue Reading

  • balun

    A balun is a device that joins a balanced line (one that has two conductors, with equal currents in opposite directions, such as a twisted pair cable) to an unbalanced line (one that has just one conductor and a ground, such as a coaxial cable).Continue Reading

  • lambda switching (photonic switching, or wavelength switching)

    Lambda switching (sometimes called photonic switching, or wavelength switching) is the technology used in optical networking to switch individual wavelengths of light onto separate paths for specific routing of information.Continue Reading

  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)

    The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is a non-profit organization that establishes telecommunications standards for Europe.Continue Reading

  • D-channel

    In the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), the D-channel is the channel that carries control and signalling information.Continue Reading

  • High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD)

    High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD) is circuit-switched wireless data transmission for mobile users at data rates up to 38.4 Kbps, four times faster than the standard data rates of the Global System for Mobile (GSM) communication standard in ...Continue Reading

  • whois

    whois is a program that will tell you the owner of any second-level domain name who has registered it with Verisign (or with Network Solutions, which was acquired by Verisign).Continue Reading

  • X server

    An X server is a server of connections to X terminals in a distributed network that uses the X Window System.Continue Reading

  • root directory

    In a computer file system that is organized as a hierarchy or tree, the root directory is the directory that includes all other directories.Continue Reading

  • 10BASE-36

    10BASE-36 is a type of physical cabling defined in the IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) standard for broadband application.Continue Reading

  • DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications)

    Unlike the analog cordless phones you may have in your home, DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications) is a digital wireless telephone technology that is expected to make cordless phones much more common in both businesses and homes in the...Continue Reading

  • Transmeta

    Transmeta is a Silicon Valley start-up company known for its recruitment of high profile talent and its Crusoe chip, designed for mobile Internet computing.Continue Reading

  • well-known port numbers

    The well-known port numbers are the port numbers that are reserved for assignment by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) for use by the application end points that communicate using the Internet's Transmission Control ...Continue Reading

  • 10BASE-2

    10BASE-2, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.3 for use in an Ethernet local area network (LAN), consists of Thinwire coaxial cable with a maximum segment length of 185 meters.Continue Reading

  • 10BASE-5

    10BASE-5, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.3 for use in an Ethernet local area network (LAN), consists of Thickwire coaxial cable with a maximum segment length of 500 meters.Continue Reading

  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)

    DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) is the independent research branch of the U.S. Department of Defense that funded a project that in time was to lead to the creation of the Internet.Continue Reading

  • DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications)

    Now known as CableLabs Certified Cable Modems, DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications) is a standard interface for cable modems, the devices that handle incoming and outgoing data signals between a cable TV operator and a personal ...Continue Reading

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchUnifiedCommunications

SearchMobileComputing

SearchDataCenter

SearchITChannel

Close