Networking Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing networking and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • B

    big-endian and little-endian

    Endianness is a term that describes the order in which a sequence of bytes are stored in computer memory. Endianness can be either big or small, with the adjectives referring to which value is stored first.

  • bit rate

    In digital telecommunication, the bit rate is the number of bits that pass a given point in a telecommunication network in a given amount of time, usually a second.

  • bit robbing

    Bit robbing is a technique used in signaling on the T-carrier system, the widely-used system for transmitting both voice and data in digital form in the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and in private networks.

  • bit stream

    A bit stream is a contiguous sequence of bits, representing a stream of data, transmitted continously over a communications path, serially (one at a time).

  • bit stuffing

    Bit stuffing is the insertion of one or more bits into a transmission unit as a way to provide signaling information to a receiver... (Continued)

  • bits per second (bps or bit/sec)

    In data communications, bits per second (abbreviated bps or bit/sec) is a common measure of data speed for computer modems and transmission carriers.

  • BNC (Bayonet Neil-Concelman or British Naval Connector)

    A BNC (Bayonet Neil-Concelman, or sometimes British Naval Connector) connector is used to connect a computer to a coaxial cable in a 10BASE-2 Ethernet network. 10BASE-2 is a 10 MHz baseband network on a cable extending up to 185 meters - the 2 is a rounding up to 200 meters - without a repeater cable.

  • BOC (Bell operating company)

    BOC (Bell operating company) is a term for any of the 22 original companies (or their successors) that were created when AT&T was broken up in 1983 and given the right to provide local telephone service in a given geographic area.

  • bogon

    A bogon is an illegitimate IP address that falls into a set of IP addresses that have not been officially assigned to an entity by an internet registration institute, such as the Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA).

  • BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol)

    BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol) is a protocol that lets a network user be automatically configured (receive an IP address) and have an operating system booted (initiated) without user involvement.

  • bottleneck

    A bottleneck is a stage in a process that causes the entire process to slow down or stop. In a communications context, a bottleneck is a point in the enterprise where the flow of data is impaired or stopped entirely... (Continued)

  • branch office box (BOB)

    A Branch Office Box (BOB) is a server appliance that has been optimized to provide distributed support for simple utility functions that are required locally but are difficult to provide over a WAN... (Continued)

  • bring your own device workplace (BYOD workplace)

    A bring your own work environment (BYOWE) is one that allows -- or even encourages -- employees to use consumer technology for job-related tasks.

  • broadband

    In general, broadband refers to telecommunication in which a wide band of frequencies is available to transmit information.

  • Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network (BISDN)

    BISDN is both a concept and a set of services and developing standards for integrating digital transmission services in a broadband network of fiber optic and radio media.

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