Networking Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing networking and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • D

    DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications)

    Now known as CableLabs Certified Cable Modems, DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications) is a standard interface for cable modems, the devices that handle incoming and outgoing data signals between a cable TV operator and a personal or business computer or television set.

  • domain name system (DNS)

    The domain name system (DNS) is a naming database in which internet domain names are located and translated into internet protocol (IP) addresses.

  • DoPa (DoCoMo Packet Transmission)

    DoPa (DoCoMo Packet Transmission) is a packet-switched network service developed by NTT DoCoMo in Japan for Internet connection from mobile devices.

  • DOVE (IBM DOVE)

    IBM Dove (Distributed Overlay Virtual Ethernet) is an architecture that allows a network engineer to abstract the physical network infrastructure from hypervisor hosts and make network changes in software rather than hardware.

  • downloading

    Downloading is the transmission of a file from one computer system to another, usually smaller computer system.

  • downstream

    This term should not be confused with downlink.

  • DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer)

    A DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) is a network device, usually at a telephone company central office, that receives signals from multiple customer Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) connections and puts the signals on a high-speed backbone line using multiplexing techniques.

  • DTE (Data Terminal Equipment)

    In computer data transmission, DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) is the RS-232C interface that a computer uses to exchange data with a modem or other serial device.

  • DTMF (dual tone multi frequency)

    DTMF (dual tone multi frequency) is the signal to the phone company that you generate when you press an ordinary telephone's touch keys.

  • DTTV (digital terrestrial television)

    DTTV (digital terrestrial television, sometimes also abbreviated DTT) is digital television (DTV) broadcast entirely over earthbound circuits.

  • dumb network

    A dumb network is one that provides the physical interconnection between nodes but not much processing to support signaling.

  • duplex

    In telecommunication, duplex communication means that both ends of the communication can send and receive signals at the same time.

  • DVMRP (Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol)

    DVMRP (Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol) is the oldest routing protocol that has been used to support multicast data transmission over networks.

  • dynamic and static

    In general, dynamic means energetic, capable of action and/or change, or forceful, while static means stationary or fixed.

  • Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI)

    Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI) is a security feature that verifies address resolution protocol (ARP) requests and responses in a network.

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