Definition

permanent virtual circuit (PVC)

A permanent virtual circuit (PVC) is a software-defined logical connection in a network such as a frame relay network. A feature of frame relay that makes it a highly flexible network technology is that users (companies or clients of network providers) can define logical connections and required bandwidth between end points and let the frame relay network technology worry about how the physical network is used to achieve the defined connections and manage the traffic. In frame relay, the end points and a stated bandwidth called a Committed Information Rate (CIR) constitute a PVC, which is defined to the frame relay network devices. The bandwidth may not exceed the possible physical bandwidth. Typically, multiple PVCs share the same physical paths at the same time. To manage the variation in bandwidth requirements expressed in the CIRs, the frame relay devices use a technique called statistical multiplexing.

This was last updated in September 2006

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Learning Path: Telephony and Wide Area Networks TELEPHONY AND WIDE AREA NETWORKS...circuit - PSTN - Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) - telephone jacks - dial-up - acoustic coupler - modem - 56flex - 56 Kbps (x2) - handshaking - V.xx standards - local loop - central office - LIDB - dedicated line - BOC - RBOC - Intelligent Network (IN) - Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) - Signaling System 7 (SS7) - EWSD - erlang (measure of line usage) - frame - frame relay - frame relay access device (FRAD) - ATM - 2600 - ISDN - B-channel - D-channel - terminal adapter - BISDN - HDLC - IDSL - PABX - Direct Inward Dialing (DID) - Automatic Number Identification (ANI) - Dialed Number Identification Service (DNIS) - permanent virtual circuit (PVC) - switched virtual circuit - DSLAM - Voice over IP - VoxML - CAPI - TAPI - splitter - splitterless (DSL) - ATU-R - digital loop carrier View other topics for self-study by visiting our Guide to the Learning Paths.

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