LANs (Local Area Networks) Definitions

  • #

    32-bit IP addressing

    32-bit IP addressing is the IP address scheme used in Internet Protocol 4 (IPv6 uses a 128-bit system)... (Continued)

  • A

    American Wire Gauge (AWG)

    American Wire Gauge (AWG) is a U.S. standard set of non-ferrous wire conductor sizes.

  • ARCNET

    ARCNET is a widely-installed local area network (LAN) technology that uses a token-bus scheme for managing line sharing among the workstations and other devices connected on the LAN.

  • B

    bus network

    A bus network is an arrangement in a local area network (LAN) in which each node (workstation or other device) is connected to a main cable or link called the bus.

  • C

    corporate area network (CAN)

    A corporate area network (CAN) is a separate, protected portion of a corporation's intranet.

  • CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit)

    A CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit) is a hardware device about the size of an external modem that converts a digital data frame from the communications technology used on a local area network (LAN) into a frame appropriate to a wide-area network (WAN) and vice versa.

  • D

    daisy chain

    A daisy chain is an interconnection of computer devices, peripherals, or network nodes in series, one after another. It is the computer equivalent of a series electrical circuit.

  • Direct Access File System (DAFS)

    Direct Access File System (DAFS) is a network file system, similar to Network File System (NFS) and Common Internet File System (CIFS), that allows applications to transfer data while bypassing operating system control, buffering, and network protocol operations that can bottleneck throughput.

  • E

    EtherExpress

    EtherExpress is a technology from Intel that is used in network server adapters (devices that attach the server to the network cable) for Ethernet-based local area networks (LANs).

  • F

    fiber jumper

    A fiber jumper, sometimes called a fiber patch cord is a length of fiber cabling fitted with LC, SC, MTRJ or ST connectors at each end... (Continued)

  • full-duplex

    Full-duplex data transmission means that data can be transmitted in both directions on a signal carrier at the same time.

  • G

    GARP (Generic Attribute Registration Protocol)

    GARP (Generic Attribute Registration Protocol) is a local area network (LAN) protocol that defines procedures by which end stations and switches can register and de-register attributes, such as network identifiers or addresses, with each other...

  • GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol)

    GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol or Generic VLAN Registration Protocol) is a protocol that facilitates control of virtual local area networks (VLANs) within a larger network . GVRP conforms to the IEEE 802.1Q specification, which defines a method of tagging frames with VLAN configuration data.

  • H

    half-duplex

    Half-duplex data transmission means that data can be transmitted in both directions on a signal carrier, but not at the same time.

  • High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI)

    High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI) is a short-distance communications interface that is commonly used to interconnect routing and switching devices on local area networks (LANs) with the higher-speed lines of a wide area network (WAN).

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