In an Ethernet network, a jam is a signal from one device to all other devices that a collision has occurred. Specifically, the device was trying to send a frame while another device was also trying to put a frame on the line). The jam signal results in additional collisions in any other frames in process of being put on the line and warns non-transmitting devices to wait. Effectively, a jam provides a way to force all devices to restart any bids to get control of the line.
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- This conceptual overview of Ethernet discusses bandwidth, baseband vs. broadband, and other concepts leading to CSMA/CD.