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The Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) is a telephone network architecture that separates service logic from switching equipment, allowing new services to be added without having to redesign switches to support new services. It encourages competition among service providers since it makes it easier for a provider to add services and it offers customers more service choices.
Developed by Bell Communications Research, AIN is recognized as an industry standard in North America. Its initial version, AIN Release 1, is considered a model toward which services will evolve. Meanwhile, evolutionary subsets of AIN Release 1 have been developed. These are shown in the AIN Release Table below. Elsewhere, the International Telecommunications Union (see ITU-T), endorsing the concepts of AIN, developed an equivalent version of AIN called Capability Set 1 (CS-1). It comes in evolutionary subsets called the Core INAP capabilities.
How It Works
Briefly, here's how AIN Release 1 works:
- A telephone caller dials a number that is received by a switch at the telephone company central office.
- The switch - known as the Service Switching Point (SSP) - forwards the call over a Signaling System 7 (SS7) network to a Service Control Point (SCP) where the service logic is located.
- The Service Control Point identifies the service requested from part of the number that was dialed and returns information about how to handle the call to the Service Switching Point. Examples of services that the SCP might provide include area number calling service, disaster recovery service, do not disturb service, and 5-digit extension dialing service.
- In some cases, the call can be handled more quickly by an Intelligent Peripheral (IP) that is attached to the Service Switching Point over a high-speed connection. For example, a customized voice announcement can be delivered in response to the dialed number or a voice call can be analyzed and recognized.
- In addition, an "adjunct" facility can be added directly to the Service Switching Point for high-speed connection to additional, undefined services.
One of the services that AIN makes possible is Local Number Portability (LNP).
The AIN Release Table
(Some terms in this table are not yet defined on whatis.com.)
|Release 0||Trigger checkpoints at off-hook, digit collection and analysis, and routing points of call
Code gapping to check for overload conditions at SCP
75 announcements at the switching system
Based on ANSI TCAP issue 1
|Release 0.1||Adds a formal call model that distinguishes the originating half of the call from the terminating half
254 announcements at the switching system
Based on ANSI TCAP issue 2
|Release 0.2||Adds Phase 2 Personal Communication Service (PCS) support
Voice Activated Dialing (VAD)
ISDN-based SSP-IP interface
Busy and no-answer triggers
Next events list processing at SCP
|Release 1||A full set of capabilities|