In IPv4 we normally design our subnets to 255 hosts using a /24 subnet mask (with a direct relationship to our...
By submitting your email address, you agree to receive emails regarding relevant topic offers from TechTarget and its partners. You can withdraw your consent at any time. Contact TechTarget at 275 Grove Street, Newton, MA.
VLAN for ease of use, as well). I.e., 10.10.10.0/24 is VLAN 10 with 10.10.10.1 being the default gateway.
In IPv6, what is the thought process of creating subnets on a LAN and VLAN? I know there is no broadcast issue, but what is the thought process on design? Do we have to throw out the old way of thinking when we design IPv6 LANs?
Any and all thoughts on this would be greatly appreciated, as maybe I am over thinking this or just need a mock-up to do a more detailed test and design with IPv6. But all the talk about IPv6 and auto-configuration and letting the router and hosts auto-config is making me think way too much.
There's a simple answer to this: All subnets use a /64.
Because IPv6 provides a subnet ID as a part of the prefix, as opposed to IPv4 where you have to "steal" it -- so to speak -- from the host bits, there are no variable-length subnet mask (VLSM) considerations. Address design is very simple. It's also important to have the /64 as a maximum prefix length because you need 64 bits of interface ID for host addressing to work correctly (address autoconfiguration).
Some people have been using longer subnets for point-to-point links, but common practice increasingly is to use /64 even for those.
Answer provided by routing expert Jeff Doyle.
Related Q&A from Silvia Hagen
An expert explains why the adoption rate of IPv6 isn't as slow as people think and why it is important to create a dual-stack environment during the ...continue reading
Expert Silvia Hagen explains what v6LoWPAN does and how it’s used.continue reading
Expert Silvia Hagen explains what ICMPv6 is, and how it differs from ICMPv4.continue reading
Have a question for an expert?
Please add a title for your question
Get answers from a TechTarget expert on whatever's puzzling you.